Psoriasis in children

Children psoriasis is this unpleasant phenomenon is not only for young patients but also for their parents. A chronic disease causes anxiety and concern of adults for the health of babies. Fortunately, the disease does not apply to infectious infections, is not transmitted by contact with other children, and through everyday objects. What are the causes of the onset of psoriasis in children and can she heal?

The reasons underlying the psoriasis

The life of a child is full of emotional impulses, joys, pain and physical activity, much more so than in the adult. The body is vulnerable physiologically, and psychologically, it results in most of the causes of psoriasis. The physicians included in the list:

  • The first place is genetic. If one of the parents of the sick child, the psoriasis, in 25% of cases, the baby inherits the disease. The illness of both parents, the risk increases up to 50-70%.
  • A severe allergy. Children eat a lot of products that relate to serious allergens (chocolate, seafood, citrus fruit, berries). Enters the body, they cause stress to the digestive system and have a negative impact on the nervous system of the small patient.
  • The constraints related to the physical. Found that approximately 18% of children with psoriasis have won because of the physical stress (hypothermia, the forces of abrasion, thermal shock).
  • The mental tension. The small body is unstable emotionally, it is strongly survives the death of loved ones, of the scandals in the family, communication problems at school, fears. The parents ' task is to reduce this excitement.
  • Disturbances in the metabolism due to poor diet, when the parents do not take care of your child.

The diagnosis of children psoriasis

A specialist just to see the first signs of psoriasis in children, the diagnosis is made from the outside of the inspection of the small patient. To exclude other diseases of the skin, often experienced in childhood, is named bioscopy (scraping) of the skin and analyses of blood and urine.

What are the forms of psoriasis in children? To understand what it looks like psoriasis in children, it is necessary to know its shape. The doctors share the disease on a few major types:

  • Spotted form. Caused staphylococcal infection. Rashes are the reddish spots of size up to 1 see the Manifesto spotted psoriasis in children, the legs, arms, torso. When one of the immunity and the susceptibility to disease of the place of the spots increases.
  • Asymmetrical in shape. The disease, which affects the joints of the members. The external signs of psoriasis in children of the hands combined with the syndrome, when a child complains that it hurts your fingers. This type can turn into psoriatic arthritis, which is much more dangerous to the health.
  • Pustular form. In children is uncommon. Emphasizes the appearance of small papules, gradually fall in a big spot. In the case of serious rash may cover the entire body.
  • Érythrodermique view. Accompanied by an inflammatory process and swelling of the areas.
  • Vulgar form. Psoriasis occurs in children on the head in the shape of a pink acne. Capable of hitting small and large joints. Manifests itself on the same premises.
KlinicheskayaDermatologiya

The symptoms of psoriasis in children

Notice the first symptoms of psoriasis in children is difficult, because the disease manifests a little insignificant grain. The stain is not attracted the attention of the child, it itches not bad, the baby does not complain about his parents. Eruptions on the head are seen even more rare, if your son or daughter, thick hair and the number of acne a minimum.

The most easy to recognize psoriasis in children on the face, when papules scattered on the cheeks, forehead, ears. The rash may be accompanied by:

  • itching;
  • strong redness of the skin;
  • chills and fever.

Particularly evident of the disease in areas of skin that are in contact with clothing. The friction of the cloth on the affected part to cause the itch and inflammation, it is traumatic to the epidermis, leading to the progression of the disease. New papules rapidly transformed into large plates, which bind with each other and form a spot up to 5 centimeters in diameter. What are the methods of combating disease offers the modern medicine?

Methods of treating children's psoriasis

Modern methods of treatment of psoriasis in children are sufficiently effective to stop the progress of the pathology. Completely clean the body of the disease does not work. In the case of small patients is done in primary hospitalization, allows to determine the stage and type of the disease, as well as take the tactics of his treatment.

Drug therapy

The drug therapy children psoriasis uses the same medicines for the treatment of the disease in adults. The little patient can be appointed:

  • Sedative-sedatives (Motherwort, Valerian). Drugs reduce the emotional arousal of the child and prevent the exacerbation of a chronic process. Particularly useful are the means to the school age, the changes of the rhythm of life of the children.
  • Desensitizing, debilitating an allergic reaction, drugs (5% calcium gluconate 10% calcium chloride). On the bottom of the allergy pack to ignite, which gives discomfort to the child.
  • If itching bothers your child continuously, take antihistamines, medication dosage age.
  • Tranquilizers reduce physical activity, which helps protect children from injury in the affected areas.
  • The vitamins of group S. Injected drugs by injection. The cure is 10-20 bites.
  • The vitamins c and A.
  • The transfusion of blood combine weekly is the introduction of the albumin.
  • Pyrogens, which can improve the permeability of the blood vessels. The drugs can reduce the rate of division of the cells of the skin, preventing the formation of new plates.
  • In some cases, when the disease is difficult to prescribe glucocorticosteroids.

Listed drug, the patient should receive in a hospital or under the strict supervision of a doctor.

The application of the exterior facilities

Important means of treatment of psoriasis are considered as ointments, creams, and lotions. The use for the treatment of the affected areas.

If the children of the psoriasis on the face or the head, apply euphyllinic gold papaverine ointments. The drug is rubbed with gentle movements, trying not too disturb the surface of platelets.

For the hands and stop useful to make a bandage with salicylic acid, sulfur, tar gold prednisolone ointments. Ointment to apply on the affected areas, wrap with cellophane, cover tightly with a bandage, leave the dressing on for the night. Under the curative effect of the composition from the blister soften, decrease their severity, the scales come off.

Local wall sconces with the addition of sapropel improves moisture balance of the skin, relieve inflammation and itching. If the rash has affected all over the body, use the sapropel to the thermal baths.

For more therapeutic

In addition to the tablets, and ointments, in the treatment of psoriasis in children use the physio of the procedure. The sedative bath and UV reduce the severity of the symptoms of the disease, to facilitate progress, which eliminates the small patient discomfort in the form of itching and pain.

The effectiveness of the treatment depends on the competence eliminate the causes and triggers of the disease. Thus, for young patients with psoriasis must be carried out sanitation of the oral cavity. The procedure helps identify and eliminate foci of infection (tooth decay).

The prevention of child psoriasis

Even knowing the reasons for the formation of psoriasis, the disease is difficult to predict, even more, to establish exactly when it can occur. Because a child is not able of himself to build his life in order to reduce the risk of the disease, it is necessary for parents to conduct prevention mission.

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It is important to remember?

Parents should always remember that psoriasis is an incurable disease, which must remain a child all his life. If you teach him how to eat, dress, to respect the hygiene procedures in the future, it will be easier to carry the disease, and it does not pass in the severe form.

Of course, if somebody in adult patients with psoriasis, prevent its occurrence, the son or the daughter is almost impossible. If you are talking about other reasons, you can eliminate them. Follow these rules:

  • Protect children from the physical and psychological surge. Try to avoid the scandals family on the eyes of the daughter or of the son. Make sure that the child has not been a long time in the cold, did not do large loads of work on your body physically and did not stay long in the sun without covering your head to not get a heat stroke.
  • Buy clothes for children made from natural materials, does not contain chemical dyes.
  • Carefully compose the diet of the children. In the menu, the toddler should have the products with high allergenic sign. Eliminate dishes, which has already elicited an allergic reaction in your child.
  • If the child is sick, a cold or another illness, give him the medication prescribed by the doctor. No self-medication.
  • Everyone, even the most insignificant, in your opinion, the drug may enhance the disease process, to give lot of discomfort to your treasure.
29.07.2018